Look and Read: The King's Dragon

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started11th Jan 1977
ended22nd Mar 1977
last rpt11th May 2007
31 school years
duration20 mins
subject 📚EnglishLanguage & Reading
age rangeAge 7-9
languageenIn English
Look and ReadHierarchyPrevious.gifPrevious story: Cloud BurstNext story: Sky HunterHierarchyNext.gif

The King's Dragon is a unit of the BBC schools TV series Look and Read from the 1970s, covering Language and Reading for primary school pupils.

Newspapers, archaeology and the history of Hastings feature in this story about baddies chasing after an ancient treasure that may or may not have been uncovered. A young newspaper reporter and the grandson of a local fisherman solve secret messages and face unfriendly archaeologists while trying to work out who is issuing all the threats, and whom they're aimed at. The learning bits were presented by the newspaper editor, Jack Dunbar, and much fuss was made about local weekly newspapers - kids were encouraged to create their own for the classroom.

The Story

Billy West is the young grandson of a Hastings fisherman, Stan West, who discovers some threatening messages cut out of newspapers. With the help of a journalist from the local paper, Ann Mills, he discovers that the messages are targeted at an archaeologist who is digging at the castle, Miss Wood. A stranger called Mr Carter arrives in the town, whose villainy is revealed by the fact that he owns a fast motorboat. Ann tries to show the threatening messages to the police but Carter nicks them from her car - and without this proof her editor won't let Ann print her story, and gets her to do a story about a museum exhibition on the Battle of Hastings instead.

Luckily the musuem's curator is able to tell her all about a lost local treasure - King Harold's golden armring, the King's Dragon - which Ann realises is what Miss Wood must've discovered. Billy snoops around Carter's boat and finds a box of gold treasurey stuff. Ann goes to Miss Wood's house but can't find her - she also fails to discover Carter who is inside searching for the King's Dragon with his criminal associate (and nephew), Clive Manning, who is also Miss Wood's assistant. Ann works out that the armring is hidden in some caves but Clive overhears her and Billy talking about it and follows Billy to the caves, where he steals the King's Dragon. Clive and Carter also kidnap Billy and take him off on their boat. Billy releases a flare to get help and falls into the sea. Carter refuses to help Billy, so Clive carries out his threat to chuck the King's Dragon overboard, then jumps over to save Billy. Carter charges off in his motorboat but gets tangled up in Stan's nets and is captured. Ann finally gets her story: King's Dragon Lost At Sea.

The Teaching Middles

Jack Dunbar presented the teaching content from his office at The Hastings Times, they were set six months after the main story took place with Jack reminiscing about Ann and Billy's adventures. Jack wrote the Children's Page of the newsletter and Wordy featured in the heading to the page. He appeared to viewers whenever Jack left the office and introduced songs and games.

Theme Tune & Music

The theme tune was all instrumental, composed by Roger Limb.

The opening title sequence shows various shapes being torn out of The Hastings Times newspaper against a red background. First, the title Look and Read appears, then various strips rip off to form into a dragon shape. The torn-out dragon seems to breathe fire, filling the screen with red, before the newspapers return to form the title The King's Dragon. The camera then tracks down the newspapers to reveal the episode title. In the final episode, when the king's dragon arm-ring has been discovered, the arm-ring appears in the piles of newspapers. The titles were animated by Sid Sutton.


# Title Broadcast
1. Boy Finds Message 11 Jan 1977
2. Questions at the Castle 18 Jan 1977
3. What is King's Dragon? 25 Jan 1977
4. Miss Wood in Danger? 1 Feb 1977
5. Mr Day Helps With Story 8 Feb 1977
6. Greed For Gold 22 Feb 1977
7. Editor Asks For Proof 1 Mar 1977
8. Run Around in Old Town 8 Mar 1977
9. Archaeologist Digs Again 15 Mar 1977
10. Banner Headlines 22 Mar 1977


Starring Kenneth Watson as Jack Dunbar

Frankie Jordan as Ann Mills
Sean Flanigan as Billy West
Reg Lye as Stan West
John Quayle as Mr Carter
Anne Pichon as Miss Wood
Peter Settelen as Clive Manning
Charles Lloyd Pack as Mr Day
Charles Collingwood as Wordy voice
Stuart Fell as Wordy puppeteer
Judy Bennett as Spike the Letter Getter voice

Singers Jane Carr
Derek Griffiths
Gerald Down
Written by Richard Carpenter
Music by Roger Limb
Designers John Holland
Charles Lawrence
Reading consultant Joyce M. Morris
Studio director Rosanna Hibbert
Producer Sue Weeks
Costume Lisa Benjamin
Ken Morley
Make-up Kim Burns
Graphics Sid Sutton
Peter Jones
Film cameraman Peter Chapman
Film recordist Bob Roberts
Film animation Richard Taylor
Film editor Monica Mead


Pupil's Pamphlet

Pupil's pamphlet

A 48-page story book containing the text of the story, as told by the Hastings Times editor Jack Dunbar. With drawings in panels like a comic strip, illustrations by Dennis Reader.

Printed in black and white, like a newspaper, except for some red printing on the cover. The front cover has a The Hastings Times masthead to make it look even more like a newspaper, and the chapter titles all look like they were ripped from newspaper headlines.

ISBN 0 563 14691 5

Teacher's Notes

Teacher's notes (photocopy)

A booklet for teachers with information about each episode and suggestions for follow-up work, words and music to the phonic songs, and worksheets of picture crosswords, normal "cloze-technique" crosswords and missing-letter exercises.

Suggestions for follow-up work were credited to Bridie Raban and Cliff Moon, and on the front cover is a photograph of fishing boats at Hastings by T. H. Williams from Barnaby's Picture Library.

These were the first Look and Read teacher's notes printed in A4, the first to use the stylised Look and Read logo which would be used in publications throughout the early 1980s, the first to include sheet music versions of the songs, and the first to include summaries of the storyline for each episode.

Full vocabulary lists, giving all of the words covered by the programme and the frequency with which they appear in each chapter of the pupil's pamphlet, were not included in the notes but were made available to teachers who sent a stamped addressed envelope to the BBC.

An original set of notes was used in 1977 and 1978, but a revised set issued in 1979 and 1981, which apparently had a reduced number of pages for reasons of economy.

The picture here is from a photocopy of the 1981 notes. If anybody has a better quality picture, or a copy of the earlier notes, please get in touch by email.

ISBN 0 563 31427 3 (1979/1981 version)

Radio Resource Material

A series of four radio programmes accompanied The King's Dragon, and like the programmes for the earlier story Cloud Burst they contained a reading of chapters from the pupil's pamphlet with the voices of the original characters from the TV version, plus recordings of some of the educational songs.

The radio programmes were broadcast in the autumn term specifically to be tape recorded by teachers in anticipation of the television broadcasts in the following spring term.[1]


The story was mostly filmed in Hastings in the winter of 1975. The locations seen include Hastings Castle, which Ann reaches via the West Hill Lift, and at St Clement's Caves nearby, all of which are real landmarks in the Sussex resort.

The Hastings Times newspaper was based on the real local weekly paper the Hastings and St Leonards Observer which happily co-operated with the production, providing bundles and bundles of mocked-up Hastings Times newspapers for Look and Read to play with.

The newspaper's real printing presses are shown, but the office was a massive feature film style set at Ealing Studios in London with professional extras in the background. The editor's office part of the set was later rebuilt on its own for the recording of the teaching middles, the rest of the newsroom behind it has mysteriously vanished!

The Arm-ring

The original king's dragon arm-ring sculpture

The King's Dragon is a mythical lost treasure of Hastings - a valuable golden arm-ring believed to have been worn by King Harold in the famous Battle.

While there's no real evidence that King Harold wore a dragon-shaped arm-ring at the Battle of Hastings, the inspiration for the story came from the celebrated historical novel The Golden Warrior by Hope Muntz, which describes Harold's fixation with gold ornaments. The dragon emblem was inspired by a scene in the Bayeux Tapestry in which Harold's supporters are seen holding a dragon banner.

Scene from the Bayeux Tapestry showing King Harold's army fighting under the king's dragon banner, a key inspiration for this story

The original King's Dragon was designed by talented BBC sculptor John Friedlander in 1975. Two identical props were produced for the story, modelled from resin and fibreglass.

The climax of the story calls for the arm-ring to be thrown into the English Channel and lost at sea. However, the underwater scenes were actually filmed in the pool at Crystal Palace, so luckily the genuine props survived this fate. In fact, both survived until the teaching sections were filmed in early 1976, though one was later mysteriously snapped in half.


The replica arm-ring

In 1986 Neil Lucas, a fan of the story and the arm-ring in particular, reproduced a model of the King's Dragon. Later a small run of these models was made available to other fans of the story.

This new reproduction of the arm-rings was developed by Neil Lucas after careful and detailed viewing of the television episodes, and with reference to the original surviving prop which was also restored.

The new models were authentically sculpted from resin, painted with liquid leaf and finished with gold leaf. They could genuinely be worn as arm-rings, as King Harold is believed to have done, and as several characters are seen doing in the story!

A limited run of just twenty arm-rings was produced, each to supplied in a deluxe black presentation box lined with ruby taffeta and an individual certificate of authenticity. The suggested price was £49.00 plus £6.00 UK postage & packing.


Here is a list of all of the broadcasts of this story on the BBC. Unless your teachers managed to get the video recorder to work, this is when you would have seen it in school. See the Schedules section for precise dates and times.

Sources & References

  • BBC (1980) Look and Read Teacher's Notes, Spring 1981
  • Carpenter, Richard (1976) The King's Dragon, London: BBC, Spring 1977
  • Mullen, Eileen (1976) "Educational Broadcasting: BBC: Spring Term 1977" in Visual Education, London: NCAVAE, November 1976, pp.11-12
  • With thanks to Neil Lucas, Gareth Hughes and Alan Bourne
  1. All information about the radio programmes based on BBC (1980) p. 2, and may only apply to the 1980-81 school year


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